Before starting any roofing project, it’s essential to know the basics of roofing terminology. RRG Roofing has put together a guide on the important roofing vocabulary to familiarize yourself with. Continue reading to find out more!
Important Roofing Vocabulary to Familiarize Yourself With
In roofing, cement is a durable material typically made from limestone, clay, and sand, which are heated to make a powder that can be shaped with water. Roof tiles and shingles are often made with cement, which can be used to repair worn or damaged areas. Cement can provide a weather-resistant seal that protects your house when appropriately used.
In roofing, flashing seals gaps between roof components. It helps prevent water from getting into your house through these gaps and causing damage. Flashing can be made of metal or plastic. You must choose the proper flashing for your home’s roofing to be adequately protected against water damage.
Gables are triangle-shaped areas of pitched roofs. Molding and other architectural details are often added. Gables are usually pedimented or parapeted. From simple shed roofs to complex hip and gable roofs, gables are a standard feature on all types of roofs. They add visual interest to a building’s exterior and provide additional support and stability to the roof structure.
Roofs with hips are more stable than gable roofs and can shed more snow and rain. They are longer than their gable roof counterparts and have a longer slope to the eaves. Hip roofs are often used on hurricane-prone houses.
Roofing pitch refers to how steep your roof slope is, while a lower pitch indicates a more gradual slope. The roof’s pitch affects how much water runs off the roof and how well it sheds snow. Walking on a steeper pitch is easier, but it will also shed more water and snow. A shallower pitch, on the other hand, will shed less water and snow.
Ridges are formed when two sloped roof surfaces meet. They are also called rooflines or peaks. Besides shedding water and snow, ridges stabilize the roof structure and increase its strength. Various materials can be used for roofing ridges, including wood, metal, tile, and asphalt.
Over the top of the roofing felt is a layer of asphalt or fiberglass that protects the roof from weather damage. Shingles help keep the roof felt in place and prevent it from being blown away or damaged by the elements. They also help reflect heat away from the house, keeping it cool during the summer.
The soffits of a roof provide ventilation for the attic, helping to keep the house cool in the summer and warmer in the winter by protecting the home from water damage.
Roof trusses support the weight of the roof material with their triangular shape frames. Commercial buildings and warehouses often use trusses, as they are extreme and able to bear a lot of weight.
An underlayment protects your roof from the elements, keeping your home dry and comfortable. Additionally, underlayment keeps your home cool in summer and warm in winter by insulating your home.
Two slopes meet at a valley on a roof. Valleys are essential in roofing because they help to channel water off the roof and prevent leaks. A closed valley is covered with shingles, whereas an open valley has metal flashing that directs water away.
When you understand key roofing terms, you will be better prepared to talk to contractors or other experts about your roofing project. In addition to understanding the estimate and bid you receive, you can be sure the job is done right with some knowledge.
The RRG Roofing team is here to assist you with all your roofing needs, and we’re knowledgeable about the Roofing Vocabulary to Familiarize Yourself With. We specialize in residential and commercial roofing so you can rely on us for all your roofing needs.